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2018届中考英语复*(课件 河南):语法四(共43张PPT)

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河南语法四 介词 考点1 时间介词 (1)in, on, at 0000 (2)during, in during和in都表示一段时间。 但during更加强调时间的 延续性,可以表示在一段时间内自始至终的状态。 (3)for, since for和since表示的时间状语都有延续之意,“for+时间段” 表示“延续多久”,作时间状语时,句子可用过去时、完 成 时或将来时;since后接表示时间点的短语,意为“自从(过 去某时)以来”,说明自过去某时延续至今的一段时间,常 与完成时连用。 (4)in, after in和after后都可以接时间段,表示“??(时间)之后”, in用于将来时,after用于过去时。 (5)by, before by表示“截止至??;到??为止”,包括其后的时间; before则表示“在某时之前”,不包括其后的时间。 You should finish your homework by Friday. 你应该最迟于星期五把作业做完。(包含星期五) Can you come and meet me before Friday? 你能在星期五之前来见我吗?(不包含星期五) 1.(2017· 黄冈中考)—I haven't finished the book report of Journey to the West. It's so difficult. —You should hurry up. The report is due __ three days. A A.in B.for C.on D.at 2.(2017· 滨州中考)—Thanks __ B our government, we can play sports on the new playground next week. —That's for sure! And we'll have a sports meeting__one month. A.for; in C.for; after B.to; in D.to; after 3.(2017· 临沂中考)A couple from Australia welcomed five healthy babies __ January. B A.at B.in C.for D.on 4.(2017· 济宁中考)The Dragon Boat Festival is __ the fifth day of May on the lunar calendar(阴历). B A.in B.on C.at D.by 5.(2017· 北京中考) More and more young people go skating __ winter. B A.at B.in C.on D.to 6.(2017· 福建中考)China successfully hosted the Belt and Road Forum __ May, 2017. A.on B B.in C.by 7.(2017· 怀化中考)—What time do you usually get up on weekends? —I usually get up __ 7:00 o'clock in the morning. A A.at B.in C.on 考点2 方位介词 (1)across, through, past across强调从表面横过;through强调从内部穿过; past强调从旁边经过。 across, through, past的区别 三个词都表示“穿过”,但是穿过的位置不同,这是考生 经常触雷的地方。 (2)in, on, over, above in“在??里面”,通常指被包含在某物之内;on“在?? 上面”,与表面有接触,反义词是beneath;over“在?? 之上”,指在物体的正上方或覆盖在物体表面,反义词是 under;above“在??之上,高于??”,指在上方,不 一定是垂直的正上方,其反义词是below。 (3)between, among 表示在两者之间用between;在三者或三者以上之间 用among。 (4)in/on/to+方位名词的用法 8.(2017· 德州中考)A woman stood __ D the window, watching the children playing games in the garden. A.past B.through C.across D.by 9.Hong Kong is __ A the south of China, and Macao is __ the west of Hong Kong. A.in; to B.to; to C.to; in D.in; in 10.(2017· 成都中考)I can't see Lucy because she is __ B the tree. A.in front of B.behind C.next to 11.(2017· 上海中考)Shirley is still waiting for her flight to New York City __ the airport. A A.at B.under C.on D.with 12.The moonlight is shining in __ the window. C Everything in the room looks nice. A.over B.across C.through D.past 考点3 方式介词 (1)in, by, with in指“用”某种材料,“用”某种表达方式或度量单位,“ 用” 某种语言或语言活动的方式;by“用??方式”,后面常跟 表示手段、交通方式的名词作宾语;



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